Category Archives: best-practice

Accessibility tool now available in Canvas!

Created by the University of Central Florida, the Universal Design Online content Inspection Tool, or UDOIT (pronounced, “You Do It”) enables faculty to identify accessibility issues in Canvas by Instructure. It will scan a course, generate a report, and provide resources on how to address common accessibility issues. Some accessibility issues identified by UDOIT are easily fixed with the click of a button while others might take an edit or two to amend.

Why should you consider using UDOIT?

Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is described as “a research-based set of principles that together form a practical framework for using technology to maximize learning opportunities for every student” (Rose & Meyer, 2002, Preface). When UDL is applied, curriculum designers create products to meet the needs of students with a wide range of abilities, learning styles, and preferences. The UDL curriculum “reflects an awareness of the unique nature of each learner and the need to address differences” by offering:

  • Multiple means of representation, to give learners various ways of acquiring information and knowledge;
  • Multiple means of action and expression, to provide learners alternatives for demonstrating what they know;
    Multiple means of action and engagement, to tap into learners’ interests, offer appropriate challenges, and increase motivation (CAST).
(retrived January 2017. Universal Design in Education: Principles and Applications
web link –  http://www.washington.edu/doit/universal-design-education-principles-and-applications)

What does UDOIT look for?

Errors that UDOIT flags

Suggestions that UDOIT makes

  • Links should contain text
  • No Alternative Text found
  • Alternative Text should not be the image filename
  • Alternative Text is more than 100 characters
  • Alt text for all img elements used as source anchors should not be empty
  • No table headers found
  • No row or column scopes declarations found in headers of the table
  • Insufficient text color contrast with the background
  • Multimedia objects should have text equivalents (e.g., transcripts).
  • Avoid the use of animated GIF’s
  • Synchronized captions should be provided for prerecorded web-based video
  • Link text should be descriptive
  • The text equivalents (e.g., transcripts and/or captions) for embedded content should update when content changes.
  • Headings should contain text
  • Consider adding headings to your document to create more structure
  • Avoid using styles for document structure
  • Avoid using color alone for emphasis

Where does UDOIT look?

What errors will UDOIT NOT find?

  • Announcements
  • Assignments
  • Discussions
  • Files
  • Pages
  • Syllabus
  • Module URLs
  • UDOIT cannot check within Word Documents, PDF Documents, or other proprietary-formatted documents.
  • Please visit the following resources to read about accessibility for these file types.

3 minute introduction to UDOIT from the Center for Distributed Learning from the University of Central Florida

 

How do I get UDOIT in my Canvas course?

Contact the KSC Help Desk and make the request. It will appear in your courses within 24 hours.

helpdesk@keene.edu or 603-358-2532.

Rethinking Canvas Online Discussions

On Thursday, 11/12/15, Kate Tirabassi (English) and Karen Haas (Education) led a discussion on strategies for designing online discussions that engage students in the learning process. Also discussed were qualitative and quantitative ways to assess posts without making it an overwhelming task for instructors.

Kate has used online discussions for a number of years but recently found that assigning students to online peer writing groups provided students an opportunity to begin a writing assignment in advance of the deadline, offer feedback to writing-in-progress, respond to feedback from peers and to revise their writing. The benefits to her were notable as well and include build drafting/revision into an assignment or course and to ask students to provide substantive feedback to drafts, even in a larger class.  Click on the thumbnails below to see Kate’s presentation and handout.

ktirabassi-screenshot

Rethinking Canvas Discussions – presentation (PDF)

Kate Tirabassi Handout for Rethinking Canvas Discussion

Online Peer Writing Groups: Canvas Discussions as a Space for Feedback – handout (PDF)

Karen has a lot of experience designing discussions questions and over the years has fine-tuned her assessment strategies that always keep her students at the center of every decision she makes. Karen designs discussions based on the best practices culled from experience teaching fully online classes and web-enhanced face-to-face classes. Her advice? Before you post a discussion question, think about the following:

  • What do I want students to be able to do?
  • In what ways do I want students to understand this material?
  • What is the purpose of the discussion?
  • Does the prompt foster dialogue?
  • Does the prompt make students think?

If you were able to answer the questions above, you are ready move forward but before you do, you need to think about your strategies for facilitation. Here are some suggestions:

  • Give students clear expectations about online discussions requirements, deadlines and grading procedures.
  • Assess the quality and quantity of posts.
  • Provide a schedule for student’s upcoming discussion deadlines.
  • Provide a structure for students to post to threads. A good structure lessons the frustration of what to write.
  • Make yourself visible in the discussion. Students will be more likely to engage in the discussion if they see you as being a part of it.
  • Don’t allow domination of the discussion. If students are dominating the discussion, privately ask them to slow down a little.
  • Have students moderate. This can take some of the pressure off of the instructor and encourage participation. Sometimes students respond better to each other than they do to the instructor.
  • Give students choices. Have more threads then required for student to post to and give them some freedom to respond where they like.
  • Consider a rubric to help clarify discussion expectations.

One common complaint of instructors is that the number of posts can quickly become overwhelming for both students and instructors. Rather than instructors bearing the brunt of reading all of the discussion posts, Karen suggests a distribution of labor strategy. For example:

  • Small group conferences. Students conduct web conferences and discuss a question or topic, and then report to the instructor of the whole class a summary or consensus of their discussion
  • Students are divided into groups and one or two per group are assigned to facilitate the discussion within their group for a week with the option to rotate over multiple weeks.
  • Students take on the role of an expert, research an area and report back to the group.

Providing feedback can take a lot of time but Karen suggests trying some techniques such as audio feedback as a way to save time while also providing an opportunity to provide encouragement and direction. Audio feedback, a feature within Canvas, is valuable to students in the following ways:

  • Improved ability to understand nuance. Students indicated they were better able to understand the instructor’s intent. Students also indicated that instructor encouragement and emphasis were clearer.
  • Increased involvement. Students felt less isolated in the online environment and were more motivated to participate when hearing their instructor’s voice.
  • Increased content retention. Students reported that they retained audio feedback better than text feedback. Interestingly, they also reported that they retained course content to which the feedback was related better that with text feedback. These self-reported findings were supported by the fact that students incorporated into their final projects three times as much audio feedback as text feedback.
  • Increased instructor caring. Students interpreted the instructor as caring about them and their work more when they received audio feedback over text feedback. This difference was due to audio feedback coming across as more personal than text feedback.

Some of the questioning techniques Karen has found successful include the following:

  • Convergent questions may require students to demonstrate an understanding of content by interpreting information in a new way. These questions utilize verbs such as: judge, explain, demonstrate, and support.
  • Divergent questions seek to stimulate creativity by asking for alternative outcomes or variations to a scenario.
  • Evaluative questions afford learners reflective opportunities through questions that call for justifying beliefs and gathering resources to defend and support one’s opinions.
  • Socratic-questions ask learners to examine reasons, assumptions, and perspectives and to provide justification and evidence for them (Walker 2005). Use of these questions types is most effective for promoting critical interaction when implementation in asynchronous online discussions.

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Resources:

Rubric for Asynchronous Discussion Participation
http://www.udel.edu/janet/MARC2006/rubric.html

Mastering Online Discussion Board Facilitation (page 7)
https://www.edutopia.org/pdfs/stw/edutopia-onlinelearning-mastering-online-discussion-board-facilitation.pdf

Copyright and Fair Use in Academia

Thank you to Academic Technology Librarian, Irene McGarrity for leading a session on copyright and fair use on March 25, 2014.

Mason Library resources:
http://libguides.keene.edu/CopyrightandFairUse

Part 1:

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Part 2:

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